China National Intellectual Property Administration (CNIPA) recently
released statistics for the year 2019 on patents, trademarks,
geographical indications (GI) and layout designs of integrated circuits.
The numbers showed steady and gradual uptick of main IP indicators in
2019 and the quality and efficiency of IP has been improved constantly.
2019, 361,000 invention patents were granted to domestic users, 344,000
or 95.4% of which were service patents. Huawei (4,510), Sinopec (2,883)
and OPPO (2,614) ranked top three in granted invention patents in
China. As of the end of 2019, granted invention patents in China had
amounted to 1.862 million. The number of invention patents owned by
every 10,000 people reached 13.3. Beijing (132) ranked first in the
number of patents owned by every 10,000 people, followed by Shanghai
(53.5) and Jiangsu (30.2). In 2019, CNIPA received 61,000 PCT
applications, up 10.4%; 57,000 of which were from local users, up 9.4%.
Guangdong (24,700), Beijing (7,200) and Jiangsu (6,600) were the most
prolific provinces. In 2019, the number of patent applications for
invention, utility model and industrial design concluded were 1.023
million, 1.981 million and 744,000 respectively. The pendency for
examination of higher-valued invention applications was shrunk to 17.3
months. User satisfaction rate on patent examination was 84.8 points.
For patent reexamination, 55,000 requests were filed and 37,000 were
concluded; 6,000 filed for patent invalidation and 5,000 concluded.
2019, 7.837 million trademark applications were filed in China. The
number of registered trademarks in China was 6.406 million, 6.178
million of which were filed inside the country. As of the end of 2019,
China had housed 25.219 million valid registered trademarks, up 28.9%.
In 2019, Chinese applicants submitted 6,491 Madrid international
trademark applications. As of the end of 2019, the valid Madrid
international trademark applications from China were 38,000. In 2019,
the concluded trademark applications were 8.253 million and the average
examination pendency for trademark registration was curtailed below 4.5
months, exceeding the year's goals preset by the State Council. For
trademark opposition, 144,000 requests were received and 90,000 were
concluded; 361,000 for review received and 337,000 were concluded.
2019, CNIPA unveiled the unified GI logo. There were five products
awarded GI protection, 462 GI trademarks registered and 301 businesses
certified to use GIs.
CNIPA received 8,319 registered applications of layout designs of integrated circuits, up 87.7%; 6,614 were certified, up 73.4%.
2019, IP administrations across the nation handled 39,000
administrative cases for patent infringement dispute, up 13.7%; two
infringement cases for layout designs of integrated circuits. In 2019,
IP royalties generated in import and export exceeded 37 billion dollars.
The volume of patent and trademark pledge financing amounted to 151.5
billion yuan, up 23.8%. The volume of patent pledge financing stood at
110.5 billion yuan, up 24.8%; securing 7,060 items as collaterals, up
According to experts, the statistics presented three
features. First, the ability to protect IP from the start has been
continuously strengthened and examination pendency for high-valued
patents and average examination period for trademark registration have
been curtailed, an important sign of notable progress in improving
quality and efficiency of IP examination and enhanced capability of IP
protection from the start. Second, IP policy is more in line with market
demand, effectively stimulating the vitality of market entities and the
vigor for innovation and entrepreneurship. Third, IP strongly supports a
higher level of opening up, foreign patent and trademark applications
in China have continued to increase, reflecting the confidence and
vitality of foreign investment in China.